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Aminocaproic acid

Generic name: aminocaproic acid [a-MEE-noe-ka-PROE-ik-AS-id]
Name of the brand: Amicar
Dosage formats: intravenous solution (250 mg/mL), oral liquid (1.25 grams/5 mL), or tablet for oral consumption (1000 mg/500 mg).
The class of drug: miscellaneous coagulation modifiers

What is Aminocaproic acid?

Aminocaproic acid, also known as aminocaproic, is a synthetic type of protein that is naturally present in the body. It helps the blood form clots.Aminocaproic acid can be used to treat bleeding disorders in those suffering from certain medical conditions like anaemia aplastic (lack of platelets and blood cells), cirrhosis of the liver, or abruptio of placenta (early separation of placenta during pregnancy), as well as urinary bleeding and some types of cancer.Aminocaproic acid may also be used to stop bleeding following surgery to the heart. surgical procedures or to place a shunt close to the liver to control high blood pressure.Aminocaproic acid can also be used for other purposes that are not mentioned in this guideline for medication.

Side effects of Aminocaproic acid

Contact a medical professional immediately. Get medical attention immediately if you notice symptoms or warning signs of an allergic response, such as difficulty breathing, hives, or swelling of your lips, face, and tongue.

Aminocaproic acid could cause serious adverse side effects. Stop taking aminocaproic acid and contact your doctor immediately if you suffer from:

  • Unknown unidentified muscle discomfort or muscle weakness that is not explained (especially when you also experience unusually high fever, unusual fatigue, or a dark-coloured urine);
  • A sudden feeling of weakness or discomfort, fever, chills the throat is sore and the mouth sores; easy bleeding; irregular bleeding;
  • Numbness, tingling, or the cold sensation in your legs or arms
  • Low heart rate, breathing problems, and feeling as if you could faint;
  • Kidney problems: no or little urinary tract infections, painful or difficult urine, swelling of your ankles or feet, and feeling exhausted or sluggish
  • Indications of a blood clot: sudden weakness or numbness sensation of cold or tingling in your leg or arm or leg; breathing problems; an abrupt breathing problem; a sudden cough and chest discomfort; swelling; or the appearance of redness on your legs or arms.

Common side effects of aminocaproic acids could include:

  • Weakness in the muscles;
  • Headache;
  • Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhoea;
  • (in males) reduced amount of semen after having an orgasm
  • Eyelids, a watery nose;
  • Hearing problems, or hearing loss; vision problems; ringing in your ears
  • Itching, rash.

It isn't a complete overview of every side effect. Others could happen. Contact your doctor to seek medical advice on adverse effects. You can report symptoms to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Stop taking aminocaproic acid, and consult your physician immediately if you experience unanswered muscle discomfort, sudden numbness, or a feeling of weakness, as well as a tingling sensation or cold sensation in the leg, arm, or leg, breathing problems, a sudden cough, or chest pain.

Prior to use this drug

You shouldn't make use of aminocaproic acid if you are sensitive to it.

To ensure that aminocaproic acid is suitable for you, inform your physician if:

  • Kidney disease
  • A past history that suggests stroke or blood clots

It is unclear if this medicine can harm the unborn baby. If you're not being treated for placenta irregularities, inform your doctor if you plan to be pregnant.It isn't known if aminocaproic acid gets into breast milk or whether it can affect nursing infants. Inform your doctor if you are breastfeeding.Aminocaproic acid has not been a product that has been approved for use by anyone less than 18 years old.

How to take Aminocaproic acid?

Your doctor will conduct blood tests to confirm that there are no health conditions that hinder you from using aminocaproic acid.Follow the directions on the prescription label. Don't use aminocaproic acid in smaller or larger quantities or for longer than the recommended time.Aminocaproic acid can be taken by mouth or injected into a vein via an IV.You might be taught how to administer one at your own home. Do not inject yourself with this medication if you do not know how to apply the injection correctly, and eliminate IV tubing, needles, and any other devices that are used.It is recommended to begin using this medicine as soon as you notice the first indication of bleeding. You might need to inject the form and then an oral formulation (tablet or liquid). The first dose you take could be significantly higher than the doses you will use later. Follow your doctor's instructions for dosage cautiously.The treatment using aminocaproic acid usually continues every hour for eight hours or until bleeding is stopped.Take measurements of liquid medicines using the dosing needle provided, a specially designed dosing spoon, or a medicine cup. If you don't have an instrument for measuring doses, request one from your pharmacist. one.

The injectable aminocaproic acid should be mixed with the aid of a liquid (diluent) prior to using it. If you're using infusions from home, make certain you are aware of how to prepare and keep the medication.Don't use the injectable medicine if it has changed colour or contains particles. Consult your pharmacist about new medications.Make use of the disposable needle and syringe just once. Be sure to follow any local or state regulations regarding the disposal of needles and syringes that are no longer in use. Make sure you use a puncture-proof "sharps" disposal container (ask your pharmacist where you can get one and how to dispose of them). Keep the container away from pets and kids.Consult your physician immediately in the event that your symptoms do not improve following the use of aminocaproic acid.When you are taking aminocaproic acid, you might require regular blood tests. The kidney's function could require checking. Aminocaproic acid has lasting effects on the body. You might require regular health tests over a brief period of time after quitting this drug.Store the medicine in a cool, dry place, free of heat and moisture. Don't allow the medicine to become frozen.

Details on dosage

Usual Adult Dose for Fibrinolytic Bleeding:

IV IV: 4 to 5 g IV infusions during the first hour of treatment. This is followed by continuous infusions of 1 g/hr.
Oral: 5 mg orally in the first hour of treatment, followed by a constant amount of 1 g/hr (tablets) or 1.25 g/hr (oral solution).
The duration of treatment It is typically continued for around 8 hours or until bleeding is managed.
Use: To improve hemostasis when fibrinolysis is a contributing factor to bleeding.

What happens if I miss the dose?

Since aminocaproic acid can be employed when needed, you might not be following a dose schedule. If you take the medication regularly, you should take the missed dose as soon as you can remember. Avoid your missed dosage if it's nearing the time for the next dose. Don't use any extra medication to make up for the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

If you are experiencing medical emergency, seek medical emergency attention immediately or ask for assistance at the Poison Help Line at 1-800-222-1222.The symptoms of an overdose can include less frequent urination, feeling lightheaded, and feeling faint.

What should be avoided?

Follow your doctor's advice regarding any restrictions on your food, drink, or activities.

Interaction with other drugs

Discuss with your physician all the medicines you are currently taking and all you are about to start or stop taking, particularly:

This list is not comprehensive. Other drugs can be incompatible with aminocaproic acid, which includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. The interactions of all potential drugs are included in this guide to medication.




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