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Generic Name: Epinephrine injection [EP-i-NEF-rin]
Names of Brands: Adrenalin, Auvi-Q Epinephrinesnap, Epinephrinesnap, EpiPen 2-Pak,… display the 8 brands.
Drug Classes: Adrenergic bronchodilators, catecholamines, vasopressors

What is Adrenalin?

Adrenalin can be used to treat severe allergies (anaphylaxis) to insect stings and bites, foods, medications, and other allergens.Epinephrine auto-injectors can be kept in the inventory for self-injection by those with a history of allergic reactions.

Epinephrine can also be used to treat anaphylactic reactions caused by exercise as well as low blood pressure, which is caused by septic shock.Adrenaline is also employed for other purposes that are not covered in this guideline for medication.

Side Effects Of Adrenalin

Before taking epinephrine, consult your doctor if previous use of adrenalin resulted in an allergic reaction. This could get more severe.

Contact your doctor immediately if you feel a sensation of warmth, pain, swelling, or redness. You may also notice other indications of inflammation in the region where you received the injection.Some side effects are more prevalent in older adults.

Common adverse reactions to adrenaline can include:

  • Breathing issues;

  • Quick or irregular heartbeats;

  • Pale skin, sweating;

  • Vomiting as well as nausea and vomiting;

  • Dizziness;

  • Tsunami or weakness;

  • Headache

  • Being anxious, nervous, or anxious. or feeling excited.

This isn't an exhaustive list of all the side effects. Other side effects could occur. Consult your physician for advice regarding medical adverse effects. You can report any symptoms to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


You should seek medical attention in an emergency following any use of epinephrine to treat a severe allergic reaction. After the injection, you'll need additional treatment and follow-up.

Before You Take This Drug

Before taking epinephrine, consult your physician if previous use of adrenalin resulted in an allergic reaction. This could get more severe.

Speak to your doctor if you have ever suffered from:

  • Heart disease, also known as hypertension,

  • Asthma;

  • Parkinson's disease;

  • Depression (or mental illness)

  • An thyroid disorder;

  • Diabetes.

If you experience an allergic reaction while breastfeeding or during pregnancy, it could be harmful to both baby and mother. It is possible to require epinephrine while pregnant or breastfeeding. Get medical attention as soon as you've finished taking an injection.

If you are able to do so during an emergency, inform your medical professionals if you are breastfeeding or pregnant.

How to Take Adrenalin?

Follow the directions on the label of your prescription and read the medication guide or instructions sheets. Follow the medication exactly as prescribed.

Epinephrine is injectable into the muscle or skin of your thigh's outside. In an emergency, the injection may be administered through your clothes.This medicine might include the "trainer pen. The pen that is used for training contains no medicine or needle. It's only for non-urgent use to test your adrenaline.

Follow and read the instructions for use. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for assistance.Avoid giving this medication to children without medical guidance.The auto-injector is a disposable, single-use device. You can only use an auto-injector once.Do not attempt to insert an auto-injector a third time. If the needle is bent after the first injection and it causes a serious skin injury,

Get medical attention immediately in the event of any use of epinephrine. The effects of epinephrine could fade within 10 to 20 minutes. You'll need more treatment and monitoring.

Get medical attention immediately in the event that you inject yourself when you give an injection of epinephrine.

Keep at room temperature and away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not freeze or refrigerate this medication, and do not keep it in a vehicle. Do not take adrenalin if it's changed color or contains particles.Don't use any medication if the expiration date

on the prescription has expired. Contact your pharmacist to request an updated prescription.Do not reuse needles or syringes. Put them in an impervious to puncture "sharps" container and dispose of it in accordance with local or state laws.

Be sure to keep them out of pet's and children's reach.

What Happens If I Miss a Dose?

Because epinephrine is only used in times of need, it is not required to have a daily dose schedule.

What Happens If I Overdose?

Get medical attention in an emergency or contact the poison help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Some symptoms of overdose include weakness or numbness, extreme headaches, blurred vision, pounding inside your ears or neck sweating, chills, chest pain, and quick or slow heartbeats. You may also experience severe breathlessness or coughing with mucus that is foamy.

What Should Be Avoided?

Make sure you do not inject epinephrine into an artery or into your muscles around the buttocks, or it may not be equally effective. Inject it only into the fleshy part of your thigh.

The mistake of accidentally injecting epinephrine into your feet or hands could cause a decrease in blood flow to these regions, resulting in the sensation of numbness.

Interaction With Other Drugs

Discuss with your doctor any other medications you take, particularly:

  • Asthma medicine;

  • An antidepressant

  • Cold or allergy medicine (Benadryl and other brands);

  • Heart or blood pressure medicine;

  • Thyroid medication,

  • Ergot medicine: dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, ergonovine, and methylergonovine.

This list is not comprehensive. Other drugs can interact with the epinephrine receptor, such as medications that are prescribed and available over the counter, vitamins, and herbal products. The interactions of all drugs are included here.