The Web Health

Subscribe

Methylphenidate

Generical name: Methylphenidate (oral) (oral) METH-il-FEN-i-date [ METH-il-FEN-i-date
The brand names are: Adhansia XR, Aptensio XR, Concerta, Cotempla XR-ODT, Jornay PM, etc. Display the 12 brands.
Drug class: CNS stimulants

What is Methylphenidate?

Methylphenidate can be described as a stimulant for the central nervous system. It influences the chemicals that are present in neurons and brains, which help with hyperactivity and the control of impulses. Methylphenidate can be used in the treatment of the symptoms of attention deficit disorder (ADD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and Narcolepsy. Methylphenidate is recommended in conjunction with an overall treatment plan for ADHD, which may comprise therapy or counselling.

Warnings

Methylphenidate could be an addictive drug that can lead to a habit. The misuse of the drug can result in addiction or overdose. It can also cause death. Inform your doctor if you are experiencing problems with your drug or alcohol misuse. Stimulants can cause heart attacks, strokes, and sudden death in patients with hypertension, coronary disease, or a heart defect. Do not take methylphenidate if you've used any MAO antagonist in the last 14 days, including isocarboxazid, linezolid, blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, or tranylcypromine.Methylphenidate can trigger the development of a new or worsening form of psychosis (unusual behaviour or thoughts), particularly in the case of a history of depression, mental illness, or bipolar disorder.

You could be suffering from blood circulation issues that may result in pain, numbness, or discoloration of your toes and fingers. Get your doctor's attention immediately. If you experience symptoms of heart issues such as chest pain, feeling lightheaded, or being short of breath, symptoms of psychosis, including paranoia, aggression, or new behavioural issues, and hearing or seeing things that aren't real; signs of circulation issues Unidentified injuries on your toes and fingers. Consult your physician if you have any history of addiction to drugs or alcohol. Place the medication in a place where other people aren't able to access it.

Before You Take this Drug

It is not recommended to use methylphenidate if there is an allergy to the substance or if you suffer from:

  • Glaucoma
  • Extreme high blood pressure or a heart issue;
  • Thyroid hyperactivity;
  • A family or personal background or family history of tics (muscle movements) and an underlying condition called Tourette's or
  • Extremely anxious tension, stress, extreme tension, or tension (stimulant medications can aggravate these symptoms).

Stimulants can cause heart attacks, strokes, and sudden deaths in a few individuals. Tell your doctor If you have:

  • Heart problems or a congenital heart defect;
  • High blood pressure
  • A blood clot or the sudden loss of a loved one.

Do not use methylphenidate if you've taken an MAO inhibitor within the last 14 days. A risky drug interaction may happen. MAO inhibitors are isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, and tranylcypromine.

Consult your physician if you are also taking opioids, herbal products, or medications for mental illness, depression, Parkinson's disease, migraine headaches, or serious infections, as well as for the prevention of vomiting and nausea. The interaction between methylphenidate and methylphenidate may result in a serious health condition known as serotonin syndrome.

Inform your doctor if you or anyone else in your family has ever suffered from:

  • Depression, bipolar disorder, mental illness, psychosis, depression, suicidal ideas or actions;
  • Problems with blood flow in the feet and hands;
  • Addiction to alcohol or addiction to drugs Or
  • If you are taking Adhansia, which is an allergen with aspirin or food dyed yellow.

To ensure that methylphenidate is suitable for you, consult your physician if you suffer from any of the following:

  • Issues with the oesophagus, stomach, or intestines,
  • Seizures, epilepsy, or an abnormal brain wave test (EEG).

The dependence on methylphenidate that occurs during pregnancy may result in premature birth or low birth weight. Inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to be pregnant. If you're pregnant and you are a member of the registry, your name could be added to an e-registry for pregnant women to track how methylphenidate affects the baby. the baby.

Find out from a doctor whether breastfeeding is safe when taking this medication. If you're breastfeeding, inform your doctor if you experience any symptoms of the baby, such as disturbances in sleep, agitation, or feeding issues. You may also notice diminished weight growth.

Methylphenidate is not a drug that has been allowed for use by people younger than

How to Take Methylphenidate?

You should take methylphenidate as directed by your physician. Follow the directions on the prescription label and review all medication guides or instruction sheets. The doctor might alter your dosage.

Methylphenidate can be a trigger for addiction. Intoxication can result in addiction, overdose, or even death. Keep the medication out of the reach of others who might want to access it. The sale or distribution of this medication is against the law.The dose you take could alter if you switch to a different strength, brand, or type of medication. Make sure you are using only the medication your doctor has prescribed.The majority of brands of methylphenidate are used a couple of times throughout the day. Jornay PM is used only in the evening between 6:30 and 9:30 p.m.It is possible to take methylphenidate both without and with food; however, it should be taken exactly the same way every time.Take your extended-release tablet or capsule in its entirety and don't crush, chew, or break it.

If you can't take an extended-release capsule in its entirety, take it out and mix it with soft foods such as pudding, applesauce, or even yoghurt. Drink the mix immediately without chewing. You should chew the chewable tablet prior to taking it. Use the measuring device supplied (not the kitchen spoon).

Allow the tablet to disintegrate in the mouth and swallow without chewing. Inform your doctor if you are planning a procedure. The treatment you receive could also include counselling or other therapies. Your doctor will monitor your health frequently. Your blood pressure and heart might also need to be examined regularly. Keep tightly sealed at room temperature and away from heat, humidity, and light. Store your medication in a safe place that is secure and where nobody can access it incorrectly. Don't keep any leftover medication. Talk to your pharmacist about a take-back programme. It is also possible to mix leftover medication with coffee grounds or cat litter in a sealed plastic bag and then throw it in the garbage.

What Happens If I Miss a Dose?

You should take the medication as quickly as you are able, but do not take any missed doses if you are nearing the time to take the next dose. Don't take two doses at a time.

What Happens If I Overdose?

For medical emergencies, seek emergency treatment or contact the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. A dose too high of methylphenidate can be fatal.

Overdose symptoms can consist of nausea, dry mouth, diarrhoea, anxiety, agitation, tremors in the muscles, twitches in the muscles, rapid breathing, and hallucinations. muscles discomfort or weakness as well as sweating, fever, headache, pounding sensations in your ears or neck, heartbeats that are fast or rapid, being lightheaded, experiencing feeling faint, seizures (convulsions), or the coma.

Avoid This

Do not drink alcohol. Avoid driving or engaging in hazardous activities until you understand the effects of methylphenidate on your body. The way you react could be affected.

Side Effects of Methylphenidate

See a doctor immediately. Get medical attention immediately if you show symptoms of an allergic reaction to the drug methylphenidate, such as itching, breathing problems, and swelling of your lips, tongue, throat, or face.

Contact your doctor immediately. If you suffer from:

  • Symptoms of heart trouble chest pain, breathing problems, or feeling like you may faint;
  • Symptoms of psychosis hallucinations (seeing or hearing objects that aren't real), behaviour issues that are new, hostility, aggression paranoia
  • Indications of circulation issues such as a feeling of numbness or pain, unanswered wounds, a cold sensation, or skin colour changes (pale or blue appearance) on your fingers or toes;
  • Penis erections that are painful or last for 4 hours or more

Get medical attention now if you are experiencing signs of serotonin disorder, for example: hallucinations, agitation, sweating, fever, shivering, high heart rate, muscle stiffness, shaking, loss of coordination, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhoea.

Methylphenidate is known to affect growth in children. The weight and height of your child might require checking frequently. Discuss with your doctor if you feel your child's height or weight isn't growing at a regular rate.

The most common side effects of methylphenidate are:

  • Sweating, high blood pressure;
  • Mood fluctuations and anxiety; feeling stressed or irritable; difficulty sleeping;
  • Rapid heart rate, pounding heartbeats, or fluttering around your chest;
  • Loss of appetite appetite loss, weight gain;
  • Dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, indigestion, or
  • Headache, dizziness.

This isn't a complete list of possible side effects, and others could happen. Contact your physician to seek medical advice on the effects. You can report adverse reactions to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Interaction with Other Drugs

Inform your doctor about any other medications you take, particularly:

  • A blood thinner (warfarin, coumadin, jantoven);
  • Blood medication for high blood pressure;
  • An antidepressant
  • Seizure medication;
  • Cold or allergy medication with decongestants.

This list isn't comprehensive. Other medications can interact with methylphenidate. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. There are many possible interactions between drugs. are included here.

DRUG STATUS

Availability

Prescription only

Pregnancy & Lactation

CSA Schedule*
Related Drugs
Related Stories

Images