The Web Health


Potassium citrate

Generic name: potassium citrate [poe-TASS-see-um-SIT-rate]
Names of brands: Urocit-K Twin-K, Urocit-K
Form of Dosage: oral tablet, extended release (10 mEq; 15 mEq; 5 mEq)
The class of drug: urinary pH modificators

What is Potassium citrate?

Potassium citrate is one of the minerals employed for treating kidney stones.Potassium citrate can also be employed for other purposes that are not covered in this guideline for medication.

Side effects of Potassium citrate

See a doctor immediately. If you are experiencing symptoms that are warning signs of an allergic response, like hives, trouble breathing, or swelling of your lips, face, and tongue,

Potassium citrate could cause serious adverse side effects. Contact your physician immediately if you experience:

  • Severe vomiting or stomach pain;
  • High blood potassium; nausea and weakness; tingling sensation; and chest pains irregular heartbeats and loss of motion
  • Indications of stomach bleeding: bloody or tarry stool and coughing up blood. vomit that resembles coffee grounds.

Common adverse reactions to potassium citrate include:

  • Upset stomach, nausea, vomiting,
  • Diarrhoea.

This isn't a complete list of possible side effects, and other effects may also be present. Contact your doctor to seek medical advice on the effects. You can report any side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Follow the instructions on the medicine label and on the label of your package. Inform your healthcare professionals about your allergies, medical conditions, and any other medications you take.

Before you Take this Drug

You shouldn't use potassium citrate if you are:

  • The potassium levels are high in the blood (hyperkalemia);
  • Kidney disease;
  • A bladder or kidney infection;
  • Untreated, uncontrolled diabetics that are not controlled or treated;
  • An adrenal gland disorder
  • A blockage in your intestines.
  • Issues with your oesophagus, stomach, or intestines that can hinder the digestion or swallowing process;
  • A Peptic ulcer is an ulcer within your stomach.
  • Wasting syndrome";
  • A major tissue trauma (such as a serious burn);
  • If you're dehydrated or malnourished.
  • If you take it when you are taking a "potassium-sparing" diuretic (amiloride, eplerenone, spironolactone, or triamterene).

Speak to your doctor if you are ever diagnosed with:

  • Kidney issues other than kidney stones;
  • Too much acid in your body (acidosis);
  • A stomach ulcer;
  • Heart conditions
  • Chronic diarrhoea (such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease).

It is unclear if potassium citrate can cause harm to an unborn baby. See your doctor if are expecting or plan to fall pregnant.It is not recommended to breastfeed while taking this medication. Consult your physician about any potential risks.

Potassium citrate is not a product that has been approved to be used by anyone younger than 18 years of age.

How to Take Potassium citrate?

Follow the directions on your prescription label and review all medication guides and instruction sheets. Your doctor may change the dosage. Make sure you take the medication precisely as directed.Consume with a meal, an evening snack, or 30 minutes following a meal.Suck the tablet up whole, and don't crush, chew, break, or chew on it.The tablet can cause irritation in your throat or mouth. Inform your doctor if you feel that the tablet is trapped in your throat after you take it.

It is possible that you will need to adhere to an individualised diet when using potassium citrate. Follow the instructions from your physician or dietitian. Find out about the foods you should consume or avoid in order to manage your illness.

You'll require regular blood and urine tests. The function of your heart may have to be monitored with an electrocardiograph, also known as an ECG (sometimes known as an EKG).Reduce your intake of salt and consume plenty of fluids when taking potassium citrate.The bottle should be kept at room temperature, clear of moisture and heat. Make sure the bottle is tightly sealed when not being used.

What Happens if I Miss the Dose?

Do not take the medicine for as long as you are able, but do not take your missed dose if it's nearing the time to take the next dose. Don't take two doses at once.

What Happens If I Overdose?

For medical emergencies, seek emergency medical attention or contact the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What Should be Avoided?

Avoid using the potassium supplement or salt replacement unless your physician has instructed you to.Do not exercise vigorously if you are not fit enough for it.

Interaction with Other Drugs

Discuss with your doctor all other medications, particularly:

  • Digoxin, digitalis;
  • The bronchodilator asthma medicine
  • Cold or allergy medicine (Benadryl and other brands);
  • A diuretic, or "water pill";
  • Medications for treating the symptoms of depression, anxiety, or mood disorders. mental illness
  • Medicine to treat the symptoms of an overactive bladder;
  • Medicines for treating the symptoms of Parkinson's disease medicine to treat Parkinson's disease
  • Medicine to treat stomach disorders, motion sickness, or IBS.

This list is not comprehensive. Other drugs can interact with potassium citrate. It includes over-the-counter and prescription vitamin supplements, medicines, as well as herbal supplements. Some interactions with drugs are not listed here. are listed here.

Make sure you follow your doctor's prescriptions.



Prescription only

Pregnancy & Lactation

CSA Schedule*
Related Drugs
Related Stories