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Generic name: misoprostol [mye-so-PRAH-stole]
Drug class: Miscellaneous GI agents

What is Cytotec?

Cytotec is a medication used to treat stomach ulcers while taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) like aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. diclofenac, celecoxib, and indomethacin, as well as meloxicam and others. Cytotec could also be used to treat conditions that are not covered in this guide.

Side effects of Cytotec

Contact a medical professional immediately. Get medical attention immediately if you notice symptoms or warning signs of an allergic response, like hives, trouble breathing, and swelling of your lips, face, and tongue.

Cytotec may cause serious side effects. Contact your doctor immediately. If you suffer from:

  • Chronic stomach discomfort that continues to persist and/or diarrhea, excessive stomach discomfort, diarrhea, or
  • Dehydration—dizziness, confusion, feeling very thirsty, less urination.

Common negative side effects of cytotec could include:

  • Nausea and diarrhea.

This isn't a complete list of all the side effects. Other side effects could occur. Contact your doctor for advice regarding medical effects. You can report any adverse reactions to the fda at 1-800-fda-1088.


Cytotec may result in birth defects, premature births, miscarriage, uterine rupture, or incomplete miscarriage, and can cause bleeding from the uterus. Do not take this medication if you're pregnant.

If you're able to get pregnant, you'll need to undergo positive pregnancy tests before beginning the treatment. It is also necessary to utilize effective contraception to avoid pregnancy while you are undergoing treatment.

Prior to use this drug

It is not recommended to use Cytotec in the event that you have an allergy to Cytotec or other prostaglandins or if you're pregnant.

Speak to your doctor if you were ever diagnosed with:

  • Ibd (as well as any other issues with the intestines);
  • Coronary disease or
  • If you are dehydrated.

May cause birth defects. Do not take this medication if you are expecting. It is essential to use effective birth control when you are taking cytotec and for a minimum of one month following your last dose. Inform your doctor in the event that you become pregnant.

It is necessary to take a pregnancy test that is negative prior to commencing this treatment. Do not take this medication, and inform your doctor right away in the event that you become pregnant while taking the medicine. Check with your doctor to get advice on whether it is safe to breastfeed while taking this medicine.

How to take Cytotec?

Follow the directions on the prescription label and read the medication guide or instructions sheets. Follow the medication precisely as directed. Don't share this medication with anyone else, even if they share the same symptoms as you do. Cytotec is typically taken four times per day, with meals. The final dose of the day must be taken at night. Follow the instructions of your physician.

There is a chance that you will experience nausea, stomach cramps, or diarrhea after taking the medicine, particularly in the first couple of weeks following the first time you take Cytotec. The symptoms generally last approximately one week. Consult your doctor if you are experiencing severe nausea, diarrhea, or stomach pain lasting more than 8 days. Keep it at room temperature, far from heat and moisture.

What happens if I miss the dose?

Do not take the medicine for as long as you can. However, do not take any missed doses if you are nearing the time to take the next dose. Don't have two doses at one time.

What happens if I overdose?

Get medical attention in an emergency or contact the Poison Help Line toll-free at 1-800-222-1222.

What should be avoided?

Follow the instructions of your physician regarding any restrictions on your food, drink, or activities.

Interaction with other drugs

Inform your doctor about any other medications you take, including:

  • Antacids.

This list isn't complete. Other medications could impact Cytotec, such as prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. The interactions of all drugs are listed here.