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Generic name: Glipizide [GLIP-i-zide]
Brand name: Glucotrol
Class of drugs: Sulfonylureas

What is Glipizide?

Glipizide is an oral medication for diabetes that helps regulate blood sugar levels by helping your pancreas make insulin.

Glipizide is a combination of exercises and diet to help improve the blood sugar level of adults suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus.


It is not recommended to use the drug glipizide if you suffer from ketoacidosis as a diabetic (call your physician to inquire about the treatment).

Before you Take this Drug

This medicine is recommended if your body is allergic to glipizide or you are suffering from diabetes ketoacidosis (call your doctor to discuss treatment).

Speak to your doctor if you are ever diagnosed with:

Take your medical professional's directions about taking Glipizide if you're expecting or have become pregnant. Controlling diabetes is crucial during pregnancy, and elevated blood sugar levels can lead to problems for both the baby and the mother. Do not use any glipizide in the final two weeks of your pregnancy. Alternative medications to glipizide are being used to treat diabetes in pregnant women.

There is a chance that it's not safe to give birth while taking this medication. Talk to your doctor about any concerns.

How to Take Glipizide?

Follow the exact dosage as recommended by your physician. Be sure to follow the directions printed on the prescription label. Sometimes, your doctor will alter your dosage. Don't take this medication in greater or lesser doses or for longer periods than prescribed.

Regular tablets are taken 30 minutes prior to your morning meal.Use the glipizide extended-release tablet at the beginning of that day.Take the tablet in one swallow, but do not break, crush, or chew it. break it.

Your blood sugar levels may need to be regularly checked, and you might require another blood test at the doctor's office.

Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) may occur in all people with diabetes. Signs of hypoglycemia can include headaches and fatigue, sweating, irritability, dizziness, nausea, a fast heart rate, and feeling nervous or unsteady. For quick treatment of the issue of low blood sugar, ensure you have a rapid-acting source of sugar on hand, like fruit juice, hard candy crackers, raisins, or other non-diet beverages.

The doctor may prescribe a glucose injector kit for emergencies that you can take if you have serious hypoglycemia and are unable to eat or drink. Make sure that your family members and friends are aware of the procedure to administer the medication in the event of an urgent situation.

Additionally, look out for indications of excessive levels of blood sugar (hyperglycemia), like more thirst, increased urination, unfocused vision, headaches, and fatigue.

The levels of blood sugar may be changed through stress, illness, surgery, exercise, or the decision to skip meals. Talk to your physician before making changes to your medication or dosage regimen.

Different forms of glipizide can be composed of a shell that doesn't absorb heat or melt inside the body. The tablet's shell could be present in your child's stool. It is a common reaction and does nothing to make the medicine less efficient.

Keep at room temperature, far from heat, humidity, or the sun's rays.

What Happens If I Miss the Dose?

Start taking your medication as fast as possible, but only when you're getting ready for dinner. If you don't eat a meal, take the dose you missed and hold it until the next dinner. Take two doses in one go.

Refill your prescription prior to the time you're out of medication completely.

What Happens If I Overdose?

Get medical assistance immediately or contact the poison help line at 1-800-222-1222 for help. An overdose of glipizide may cause fatal hypoglycemia.

Signs of severe hypoglycemia are severe weakness, blurred vision, and sweating. It can also cause trouble talking, stomach pain, tremors, confusion, and seizures (convulsions).

What Should be Avoided?

Beware of drinking alcohol. Alcohol lowers blood sugar levels and may cause adverse effects. Do not drive or operate machinery until you understand what the effect of this medicine is on your body.

Side Effects of Glipizide:

See a doctor immediately. If you are experiencing indications that indicate an allergy to Glipizide, such as itching, breathing problems, and swelling of the lip, face, tongue, and throat,

Contact your physician immediately when you notice signs of low blood sugar.

  • Headache, irritability
  • Rapid heart rate, sweating;
  • Dizziness,
  • Nausea,
  • Feelings of anxiety, hunger, or shaking.

The most common side effects of glipizide are:

  • Diarrhoea, constipation, gas
  • Dizziness, drowsiness
  • Tremors
  • Skin eruption and redness or itching.

It isn't a comprehensive listing of all side effects. Other side effects could occur. Consult your physician for advice regarding the medical consequences. The best way to report adverse reactions is to call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Interaction with Other Drugs 

It is sometimes not advisable to take certain drugs simultaneously. Certain medications can alter the blood sugar levels of other medications you use, and this could create side effects or make the medication less effective.

A variety of drugs may be a problem with the drug glipizide. These include prescription as well as over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and herbs. Not all interactions are included in this list. Discuss with your physician the current medications you are taking and all medicines you are about to start or stop taking.




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