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[Generic name: Emtricitabine E-TRUE-SYE-TA-BEEN]

Class: nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)

What is Emtriva?

Emtriva can be described as an antiviral medication that prevents the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from multiplying within your body.Emtriva can be used for treating HIV, which is a virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Emtriva is not an effective cure for HIV and AIDS.


Take Emtriva only if you are also taking other medicines that contain lamivudine or emtricitabine.

Emtriva could cause a serious disorder known as lac acidosis, which is a serious condition.pain, a Get emergency medical attention if you experience any symptoms at all, including muscle weakness or pain and numbness or cold sensations in your legs and arms and stomach, nausea, vomiting and pain fast or uneven pulse, dizziness, or feeling exhausted or weak.

Before you take this drug

You shouldn't use Emtriva if you are allergic to emtricitabine.Avoid taking Emtriva if you are also taking other medications that contain lamivudine or emtricitabine (such as Atripla, Combivir, Complera, Descovy, Dutrebis, Epivir, Epzicom, Genvoya, Odefsey, Stribild, Triumeq, and Trizivir).To be sure Emtriva is safe for you, ask your doctor if you have ever experienced:

  • Liver disease (especially hepatitis B)
  • Kidney disease.

A few people taking this medication are diagnosed with a serious disease called lactic acidosis. This may be more prevalent for women, those who are overweight or suffer from liver disease, and also for those who have been taking HIV/AIDS medicine for a long duration. Consult your physician about the possibility of developingHIV could be transmitted to your child if not treated properly during your pregnancy. Use all of your HIV medication according to the directions for controlling your HIV infection.If you are pregnant and you are a registered mother, your name could be included on the registry for pregnancy. This is done to monitor the progress of your pregnancy as well as to assess any impacts of Emtriva on the child.Women who have HIV orAIDS shouldn't breastfeed infants. Even if your child is born with no HIV or AIDS, the virus could be transmitted to your baby through breast milk.Emtriva is not a product that has been approved to be used by anyone less than 3 months of age.

How to take Emtriva?

Use Emtriva exactly as directed by your physician. Follow all the instructions on the prescription label. Don't take this medication in smaller or larger doses or for longer than the recommended time.Emtriva can be consumed with or without meals.Take a measurement of the liquid medicine using the dosing needle provided or using a specially designed dosing spoon or medicine cup. If you don't own a device for measuring doses, you can ask your pharmacist for one.If your child is taking this medication, inform your doctor if your child is experiencing any weight changes. Emtricitabine doses are determined by the weight of children, and any changes in weight could alter the dose for your child.Do not use Emtriva as your sole HIV treatment. HIV/AIDS is usually treated using a combination of medications. Take all medications as instructed by your physician. Take note of the medication guide or patient's directions that are included with every medication. Do not alter the dosages or your medication schedule without the advice of your physician. Anyone suffering from HIV or AIDS should be under the supervision of a physician.

When you are using Emtriva, it is possible that you will require regular blood tests. The liver and kidney functions could also be examined.Make sure you refill your prescription before you are out of medication completely. Your condition could develop resistance to emtricitabine when you stop taking the drug, even for a brief period of time.Storage capsules temperature at room temperatures, far from heat, moisture, and of the liquid inside the refrigerator. Don't freeze it.Emtriva fluid stored at room temperature should be used within three months.If you are suffering from hepatitis, you might experience liver symptoms when you stop taking Emtriva, sometimes for several months after having stopped. Your physician may examine your liver function for a number of months following the time you stopped taking Emtriva.

Details on dosage

Usual Adult Dose for HIV Infection:

Capsules: 200mg taken orally at least once per day.
Oral solution: 24 mg (24 milliliters) every day, orally.
Approved indication: Used in combination with other antiretroviral drugs used to treat HIV-1 infection.

Usual Adult Dose for Occupational Exposure:

(Not cleared by the FDA)
US Public Health Service working group recommendations:
Capsules: 200mg, orally every day, once
Therapy duration: up to 28 days; in the event that you are, it is tolerated.

Emtricitabine, tenofovir, and raltegravir have been recommended as the best treatment options for HIV postexposure prophylaxis. Emtricitabine is also suggested as one of the alternatives to the regimen.
The procedure should be initiated immediately, preferably within a few hours of the exposure.
The optimal time for prophylaxis is not known and could differ depending on the protocols of the institution.
The most up-to-date therapeutic guidelines must be reviewed to get more information.

Usual Adult Dose for Nonoccupational Exposure:

(Not cleared by the FDA)
CDC guidelines:
Capsules: 200mg, orally every day, once
The duration of treatment The duration of therapy is 28 days.
Emtricitabine is recommended to be administered in conjunction with efavirenz and tenofovir or zidovudine, or zidovudine plus lopinavir.
Prophylaxis should be initiated immediately after 72 hours of exposure.

Usual Pediatric Dose for HIV Infection:

Oral solution:
from 0 to 3 month: 3 mg/kg at least once per day
3 months to seventeen years old: 6 mg/kg taken orally at least once per day
Maximum dose: 240 mg (24 mL)
3 months to 17 years old, weighing more than 33 kilos, and able to take capsules in their entirety, 200 mg every day.
Approved indication: Used in combination with other antiretroviral drugs to treat HIV-1 infection.

What happens if I miss the dose?

As soon as you realize, take the dose that was missed immediately. Do not take your missed dosage if it's close to the time of the next dose.Do not take extra medication in an attempt to make up for a missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Get medical attention in an emergency or contact the Poison Help Line toll-free at 1-800-222-1222.

What should be avoided?

The medication you take will not hinder you from transmitting HIV to others. Don't engage in sexual activity that is not protected or share toothbrushes, razors, or razors. Discuss with your physician safe methods to avoid HIV transmission during sexual contact. Sharing needles for medicine or drugs is not safe, even for healthy people.

Side effects of Emtriva

Take immediate medical attention. If you are experiencing symptoms of an allergic reaction, these symptoms include hives, trouble breathing, and swelling of your lips, face, and tongue.The initial signs of acidosis lactica will get worse with time, and the condition could become fatal. Take immediate medical assistance in the event that you are experiencing even minor symptoms like muscles aching or weakening, numbness or cold sensations in your legs and arms, or chest nausea and vomiting, as well as a fast or irregular pace of heart, dizziness, or feeling extremely fatigued or weak.Contact your physician immediately for any signs of liver disease. swelling around your midsection, stomach nausea, pain, and loss of appetite. bloody urine or jaundice (yellowing of the eyes or skin).Emtriva can increase the chance of developing certain diseases, such as autoimmune ones, because it alters how your immune system functions. It is possible that symptoms will develop for several weeks or even months after the first time you take this medication. Consult a physician if you are suffering from:

  • Indications of an infection that is new, like night sweats, fever, mouth sores, swollen glands, stomach pain, diarrhea, and weight loss
  • Chest pain in the chest (especially in the case of breathing), dry cough, and wheezing you may also feel exhausted.
  • Sores that are cold, on your genital or anal area;
  • Fast heart rate rapid heart rate, feeling anxious or angry, and a prickly or weak feeling; issues with balance or eye movement
  • Difficulty swallowing or speaking severe lower back pain difficulty speaking or swallowing; loss of bladder control; control of the bowels; or
  • Swelling in your throat or neck (enlarged thyroid), menstrual fluctuations, and impotence. Also, a losing interest in sexual activities

Common Emtriva adverse effects could be:

  • Headache, dizziness, weakness;
  • Indigestion, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
  • Sleep problems, strange dreams;
  • Rash, skin discoloration,
  • Modifications in the form or position of your body fat (especially on your legs, arms, face, and neck), as well as your breasts and waist.

This is not a comprehensive list of all side effects. Others could happen. Consult your physician to seek medical advice on adverse effects. You can report any symptoms to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Interaction with other drug

Other medications may interfere with emtricitabine. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines such as vitamins and herbal products. Inform your doctor about your current medications as well as any medications you are about to start or stop taking.



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