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Emtricitabine, Lopinavir, Ritonavir, and Tenofovir

Name of generic: emtricitabine, lopinavir, ritonavir, and 10 over Tenofovir em-tryesye-SYE-tabeen, lo the-TOE-na-vir, tenofoh-vir 10 OF-oh-vir

Name of the brand: AccessPak HIV/PEP Expanded Kaletra
Form for oral dosing: oral kit
Drug class: antiviral combinations

What are Emtricitabine, Lopinavir, Ritonavir, and Tenofovir?

Emtricitabine lopinavir is along with ritonavir as well as tenofovir. These are antiviral medications that stop the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from growing throughout your body.Emtricitabine and lopinavir,as well as ringtone tenofovir,are combination medicines that are used to treat HIV, a virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Emtricitabine, lopinavir, ritonavir, and tenofovir do not provide an effective cure to treat HIV as well as AIDS.Emtricitabine, lopinavir, ritonavir, and tenofovir can be utilized for other purposes that are not mentioned in this guide.

Side effects of Emtricitabine, Lopinavir, Ritonavir, and Tenofovir

Seek medical attention immediately. If you are experiencing warning signs of an allergic reaction, such as face symptoms, hives,ives, breathing difficulties, or swelling of your lips, face and tongue,The initial symptoms of acidosis can get worse over time and can cause death. Seek medical attention immediately when you experience even the smallest symptoms, like muscle tenderness or weakness and feeling numb or cold arms, sensations in your legs, arms or chest, nausea with vomiting and a rapid or irregular pulse, dizziness, or feeling fatigued or weak.Emtricitabine, lopinavir, or ritonavir can have serious reactions. Contact your physician immediately. If you suffer from:

  • Extreme disorientation, fainting, high or rapid heartbeats
  • Vision change;
  • Excessive urination or extreme thirst;
  • Back;intense discomfort in your stomach that stretches to your back nausea and vomiting; high heartbeat;
  • Easily bleeding, unusual bruising (nose, vagina, mouth, or rectum) in either red or purple areas of skin;
  • Penis erection that hurts or lasts for more than 4 hours
  • Indications of a new sign of a new symptom of a new infection  The symptoms of a new infection include fever, chills, and skin lesions. Cough with green or yellow mucus.
  • Liver disorders—nausea and stomach discomfort, irritation, nausea, fatigue, black stools, dark urine, jaundice (yellowing of the eyes or skin);
  • Kidney issues: little or no urine, pain or difficulty with urine, swelling of your ankles or feet, feeling exhausted or tired,
  • Extreme skin reaction, fever, sore throat,face, swelling of your tongue or face burning eyes, and pain in your skin that is followed by the appearance of a purple or red skin rash that can spread (especially on the face and the upper part of the body) and leads to blisters and peeling.

Common negative effects of emtricitabine Ritonavir, lopinavir, and tenofovir could be:

  • Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain;
  • Headache, dizziness, headache, feeling tired;
  • Depressed mood, sleep problems (insomnia), strange dreams;
  • Minor skin rash;
  • Change in the appearance or shape of fat (especially on your legs, arms, face, and neck), the breasts, your waist, and your neck.

This list does not represent all possible side effects. Others could happen. Contact your doctor to seek medical advice on the effects. You can report any symptoms to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Similar or related drugs

Biktarvy, Descovy, Truvada, Tenofovir, Atripla, Complera, and Stribild


It is not recommended to use emtricitabine, the lopinavir drug, or ritonavir if you suffer from severe kidney or liver disease or are sensitive to emtricitabine (Emtriva, Atripla), lopinavir (Kaletra), ritonavir (Norvir), or the drug tenofovir (Viread). Do not combine this medication with any other medication that may contain emtricitabine and tenofovir (Atripla, Emtriva, or Viread).Certain medicines may cause undesirable or hazardous effects when taken with emtricitabine, lopinavir, or ritonavir. Tenofovir is one of them. Your doctor may have to modify your treatment when you take certain medications.Get medical assistance in an emergency for even the tiniest symptoms likearms, muscle weakness or pain, numbness or cold sensations in your legs and arms and nausea, stomach pain or vomiting, a rapid or irregular pulse, dizziness, or feeling fatigued or weak.

Before you take this drug

It is not recommended to use this medication if you have kidney or liver disease or are sensitive to emtricitabine (Emtriva, Atripla), lopinavir (Kaletra), or ritonavir (Norvir), as well as tenofovir (Viread). Do not take this medication together with any other medication that may contain tenofovir or emtricitabine (Atripla, Emtriva, or Viread).Certain medicines may be incompatible with emtricitabine, ritonavir, lopinavir, and tenofovir. These medicines are not recommended to be used at the same time. Your doctor might have to alter your treatment plan in the event that you are taking any of the following medications:

  • Alfuzosin;
  • Lovastatin or simvastatin;
  • John's wort;
  • Pimozide;
  • Midazolam or triazolam;
  • Rifampin;
  • Sildenafil, viagra (or revatio for hypertension of the pulmonary artery),
  • An ergot-based medicine that includes d.h.e. 45, ergomar, cafergot, ergotrate, methergine, migergot, or migranal

To ensure that emtricitabine, Ritonavir, or Lopinavir, as well as Tenofovir, are safe for you, inform your physician whether you suffer from:

  • Kidney or liver disease
  • Heart disease, also known as heart rhythm disorder
  • Low levels of potassium in your blood.
  • A hemorrhagic disorder like hemophilia;
  • Osteopenia (low bone mineral density);
  • Problems with the pancreas, diabetes, or high cholesterol.

A few people who are taking this medicine suffer from a serious illness known as lactic acidosis. This may be more prevalent for women, those who are obese, suffer from an underlying liver problem, or have been taking HIV/AIDS medication for a prolonged period of time. Discuss this with your doctor regarding your danger.It isn't known if this medication could affect a newborn baby. Inform your doctor if you are expecting or planning to be pregnant. HIV could be transmitted to your child if you don't properly treat it during your pregnancy. Make sure you take all your HIV medication according to the directions for controlling your disease.Women suffering from HIV or AIDS shouldn't breastfeed infants. Even if your child is born with no HIV or AIDS, the virus could be transmitted to your baby through breast milk.Avoid giving this medication to an infant without consulting a doctor.

How to take Emtricitabine, Lopinavir, Ritonavir, and Tenofovir?

Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not take emtricitabine, Ritonavir, Lopinavir, or Tenofovir in smaller or greater quantities or for longer periods than recommended.When you are taking this medication, you might require regular blood tests in the doctor's office. Your liver and kidney function, as well as your bone density, might need to be checked.Treatment for HIV/AIDS usually involves the use of a mixture of drugs. Take all medications as instructed by your physician. Review the medication guideline or patient's directions that are included with every medication. Don't alter your dosage or schedule of medication without consulting your physician. Anyone suffering from HIV or AIDS should be under the supervision of a physician.Keep it at room temperature, away from heat and moisture. Avoid freezing.If you suffer from hepatitis B, you might experience symptoms related to liver disease after you stop taking this medication and even after a few months of stopping. Your doctor may test your liver's function for a few months following the time you have stopped taking emtricitabine, lopinavir, ritonavir, and tenofovir.

What happens if I miss the dose?

You should take the missed dose as soon as you can remember. Avoid any missed doses if it's close to the time of your next dose.Do not take extra medication in an attempt to compensate for missing doses.

What happens if I overdose?

For medical emergencies, seek emergency medical attention or contact the Poison Help Line toll-free at 1-800-222-1222.

What should be avoided?

If you take doanosine (Videx) and you take it, do so 1 hour prior to or 2 hours after taking the emtricitabine drug, lopinavir, riton, and tenofovir.The use of emtricitabine, lopinavir, tenofovir, and ritonavir won't stop you from transmitting HIV to others. Don't engage in sexual activity that is not protected or share toothbrushes, razors, or razors. Discuss with your physician safe methods to avoid HIV transmission during sexual contact. Sharing needles with medicine or drugs is not safe, even for healthy people.

Interaction with other drug

The medicine could harm the kidneys. This can be exacerbated if you are also taking other medications, such as chemotherapy, antivirals, injectable antibiotics, medicines for digestive disorders, medicines to stop rejection of organ transplants, as well as some arthritis or pain medicines (including aspirin, Tylenol, Advil, and Aleve). It is possible that you will need to adjust your dose or take tests specific to any of these medicines.Numerous drugs may be a cause of interaction with emtricitabine, lopinavir, ritonavir, and the drug tenofovir. There are many possible interactions that are not described in this article. Inform your doctor of your current medications and all you begin or stop taking, in particular:

  • Any other HIV or AIDS medication;
  • ADHD medicine;
  • Antibiotic or antifungal medication;
  • An antidepressant
  • Anti-malaria medication;
  • Antiviral medicines for treating herpes, HIV, and the cytomegalovirus (CMV);
  • Asthma or allergy medications;
  • Cholesterol-lowering medicine;
  • Erectile dysfunction medication (Viagra, Cialis, Levitra);
  • Heart or blood pressure medication; medication for heart rhythm;
  • Insulin or oral diabetes medication;
  • Leukemia medicine;
  • Medicine for treating a psychiatric disorder
  • Migraine medicine;
  • Narcotic pain medication
  • A sedative
  • Seizure medication;
  • Steroids (prednisone and others)

This list isn't complete, and other drugs may interact with emtricitabine, lopinavir, or ritonavir. Tenofovir is one of them. This includes over-the-counter and prescription drugs, vitamins, and herbal products. Provide a list of all your medications to any health professional who will treat you.



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