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Generic Name: Zaleplon [ZAH-le-plon]
Name of Brand: Sonata
Dosage Form: Oral capsule (10 mg; 5 mg)
The Class of Drugs: Miscellaneous anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics

What is Zaleplon?

Zaleplon is a sedative drug that is prescribed to treat sleepiness. Zaleplon induces relaxation and helps you fall and remain asleep.Zaleplon can also be used for reasons not mentioned in this guideline.

Side effects of Zaleplon

Zaleplon can cause an extreme allergy. Get emergency medical assistance if you exhibit symptoms of an allergic reaction that include hives, trouble breathing, vomiting, and vomiting or swelling of your lips, face, and tongue.

A few people taking this medication have been involved in activities when they weren't fully awake and then didn't remember the activity. This may include walking, driving, or even taking phone calls. If this occurs to you, stop taking Zaleplon and consult your physician immediately.A fatal injury or death may be the result of walking or driving while asleep.

Zaleplon can cause serious adverse effects. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience:

  • Anxiety, depression, aggression, agitation;
  • Memory issues, strange thoughts, or behaviors;
  • You think of hurting yourself
  • Hallucinations or confusion (hearing the sounds or seeing images).

Common adverse effects of zaleplon could include:

  • Day-time drowsiness, dizziness, "hangover" feeling;
  • Feeling lightheaded;
  • Issues with coordination;
  • Tingling, numbness, or a burning sensation in your face

This isn't an exhaustive list of all possible side effects, but other things might occur. Contact your doctor for advice regarding medical effects. You can report any adverse reactions to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


A few people who take Zaleplon have been involved in activities even though they were asleep and then had no recall or memory. If this happens to you, discontinue taking zaleplon and consult your physician immediately.

A fatal injury or death may happen if you walk or drive when you're not awake.

Before you take this drug

Zaleplon is not a good choice if you're allergic to it or if you've ever used sleep medicine and were involved in an activity that you later do not recall.

Zaleplon is not permitted for use by anyone who is younger than

Inform your doctor if you were ever diagnosed with:

  • Kidney or liver disease;
  • A breathing disorder;
  • Depressive illness, depression, suicidal or depressive thoughts;
  • Addiction to alcohol or drugs.

It is recommended not to take zaleplon if you are expecting.

It is recommended not to breastfeed when taking Zaleplon.

The effects of zaleplon on sedation may be more effective in older people. Falls from accidents are common among those who are elderly and take sedatives. Be careful to avoid getting injured or falling while taking Zaleplon.

How to take Zaleplon?

Follow the instructions on your prescription label and go through all the prescription guides and directions.Follow the medication exactly as prescribed.

Zaleplon can be addictive. Use can trigger addiction, overdose, death, or both. Keep the medication in a safe place so that others can't access it. The act of selling or giving away Zaleplon is a violation of the law.Zaleplon can cause you to feel sleepy. Do not take this medication during the daytime or unless you have many hours of sleep to devote to it.

Zaleplon is intended for short-term use only. Don't take zaleplon for more than five weeks without consulting your physician.Contact your physician if your symptoms don't improve after 7–10 treatments or if they become worse.

Don't stop taking zaleplon at once after taking it for a few days consecutively, or you could experience painful withdrawal signs. Consult your physician about how you can completely stop taking this medication.Place it in a cool, dry place free of heat, moisture, and light. Be aware of the medication you are taking. It is imperative to know if you are using the medicine improperly or without a prescription.

Sleeping disorders can be recurrent after stopping the drug zaleplon and could be worse than before. Consult your physician if you persist with worsening sleepiness after the first couple of nights of not taking Zaleplon.

Details on dosage

Usual Adult Dose for Insomnia:

10 mg taken orally every day, right before bedtime or following the time that the patient goes to sleep but is experiencing difficulty getting to sleep
Maximum dose: 20 mg/day
Doses must be tailored.
Efficacy was confirmed in tests that ranged from a single night to five weeks.
Treatment for short-term insomnia

Usual Geriatric Dose for Insomnia:

5 mg taken orally every day, right before the time to go to bed or immediately after the patient is asleep and is having difficulty getting to sleep
Maximum dose: 10 mg/day
Doses must be tailored.
Efficacy was confirmed in tests that ranged from one night up to five weeks.
Use: A short-term treatment for insomnia

What happens if I miss the dose?

Because zaleplon can only be taken in the evening, it is not part of a regular dosing routine. Do not use this medication if you do not have enough time to rest before you are active again.

Do not take more than two doses simultaneously.

What happens if I overdose?

For medical emergencies, seek immediate medical attention or contact the Poison Help Line at 1-800-222-1222. A Zaleplon overdose is fatal, especially when taken in combination with other drugs that could induce drowsiness.

The signs of an overdose could include blurred vision, drowsiness, loss of coordination, weak muscles,  slow breathing, or fainting.

What should be avoided?

Beware of taking zaleplon when traveling, for example, if you are planning to rest on the plane. It is possible to wake up before the effects of the drug are gone. Apathy (forgetfulness) can be more frequent in the event that you do not experience the same amount of a full night's rest following the use of Zaleplon.

Avoid drinking alcohol. Dangerous side effects or even death may occur.Beware of taking zaleplon while eating or immediately after an excessively fat-laden or heavy meal. This makes it difficult for the body to absorb medication.

Zaleplon can trigger side effects that can affect your reactions or thinking. You might be sleepy in the morning after you've taken the medication. While you are not sure of the effects of zaleplon throughout the day, be cautious when you drive or operate machinery, fly an airplane, or perform things that require you to be lert. awake.

Interaction with other drugs

Zaleplon, in conjunction with other medications that cause you to feel sleepy or slow your breathing, could result in serious negative side effects or even deaths. Ask your doctor prior to taking opioid medication as well as other sleep medications such as a muscle relaxer or medication for anxiety or seizures.

Other medications can affect Zaleplon, such as prescription and non-prescription medicine, vitamins, and herbal products. Discuss with your physician the medicines you are currently taking and any medications you begin or stop taking.



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