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Generic Name: Valsartan [val-SAR-tan”
The Brand Name is Diovan.
Dosage forms: Oral tablet (160 mg; 320 mg; 40 mg; 80 mg), oral liquid (4 mg/mL).
Drug Class: Angiotensin receptor blockers

What is Valsartan?

Diovan is used to manage the issue of high blood pressure (hypertension) in adults and young children who are at least one year old. Lowering your blood pressure can reduce your chance of having a heart attack or stroke. or heart attack.

Valsartan helps treat high blood pressure (hypertension) in adults and young children who are at least 6 years old. Lowering your blood pressure could reduce your chance of suffering a heart attack or stroke.Valsartan is also prescribed to adult patients to manage the heart condition, reduce the risk of having to go to the hospital, and reduce the chance of dying following a heart attack.Valsartan can also be employed for other purposes that are not covered in this guideline.

Side effects Of Valsartan

Contact a medical professional immediately. Get medical attention immediately if you notice warning signs of an allergic response, such as symptoms of hives, difficulty breathing, or swelling of your lips, face, or tongue.

Valsartan may cause serious side effects. Contact your doctor immediately in the event of:

  • An euphoric feeling, similar to passing out;
  • Very little or no urine;
  • High blood potassium; nausea and weakness sensations; tingling chest pain; irregular heartbeats slowing down.

Common adverse effects of valsartan include:

  • High blood potassium levels;
  • Headache, dizziness, feeling light-headed;
  • Cough, flu symptoms, fatigue;
  • Stomach pain, diarrhea;
  • Back discomfort, joint pain,
  • An abnormal kidney test for kidney abnormalities

This is not an exhaustive overview of the various negative side negative effects. There are other side effects that could be possible. Talk to your physician for medical advice regarding the consequences. If you have any concerns, report the allergic reactions or symptoms to FDA by calling 1-800-FDA-1088.


Don't use it if you are expecting. Stop taking valsartan and inform your doctor immediately if you become pregnant.

If you suffer from diabetes, be sure not to use valsartan in conjunction with any drug that has the ingredient aliskiren (a blood pressure medication).

Before you Take this Drug

It is not recommended to use valsartan if you have an allergy to it.If you suffer from diabetes, don't take valsartan in conjunction with any other medicine that has the chemical aliskiren (a blood pressure medication).It is also possible to be careful not to take aliskiren with valsartan if you suffer from kidney problems.

Speak to your doctor if you have ever suffered from:

  • An unrelated heart condition to one that is treated with valsartan
  • If you're on a diet that has low salt levels,
  • The liver condition;
  • Kidney disease (or kidney disease if you're taking dialysis).

Avoid using it if you are expecting. Stop taking the medication and inform your doctor immediately if you find yourself pregnant. Valsartan may cause harm or even death to the baby's unborn when taken during the third or second trimester.Do not breastfeed.

How to Take Valsartan?

Follow the instructions on the label of your prescription and read the medication guide or instructions sheets. The doctor might alter the dosage. Take the dosage exactly as directed.Use the medicine every day, either with or without eating.If a child is unable to take a tablet in its entirety, the pharmacist may mix the tablet with liquid.

Your dosage requirements could be altered if you switch to an alternative version of Valsartan. Be sure to use only the medication prescribed by your physician.Then shake up the oral suspension (liquid) for 10 seconds prior to determining the amount. You can measure a dose using the measuring device provided (not the kitchen spoon).Doses are determined by weight gain in teenagers and children. The dose for your child could be altered if the child grows or sheds pounds.Your blood pressure is likely to be monitored regularly. The kidneys may also require checking.

Consult your physician if you have a fever, diarrhea, or  rash. Also, tell your doctor if you find yourself sweating more than normal. It is possible to become dehydrated when you take Valsartan.It could take between 2 and 4 weeks until your blood pressure is under control. If you suffer from hypertension, you should continue taking this medication even if you are feeling well. The presence of high blood pressure is often accompanied by no signs.The treatment you receive could also involve fitness, lifestyle changes, and other medicines. Follow the doctor's advice attentively.The tablet and suspension of oral suspension should be kept at room temperature, away from heat and moisture.Make sure to keep the oral suspension of valsartan inside the bottle securely closed when not in use.

Details on Dosage

Usual Adult Dose for Congestive Heart Failure:

Initial dose: 40 mg taken orally every day, twice.
Maintenance dosage: 80–160 mg once a day. The dosage must be increased to the maximum dose that is tolerated by the patient.

Usual Adult Dose for Hypertension:

The first dose is 80–160 mg once orally per day.
Maintenance dose: 80–300 mg once orally per day.

Usual Adult Dose for Myocardial Infarction:

Initial dose: 20 mg taken orally every day, twice.
Maintenance dose: The initial dose could be titrated up within 7 days to 40 mg twice a day before titrating to a goal maintenance dose of 160 mg twice a day, as tolerated by the patient. If symptoms of hypertension or renal dysfunction are observed, consideration should be given to a dose reduction.
Comment: Valsartan can be administered within 12 hours after myocardial infarction. It can also be administered along with other treatments for post-myocardial ischemia, such as thrombolytics, aspirin, beta blockers, and statins.

Usual Paediatric Dose for Hypertension:

From 6 to 16 years:
Initial dosage: 1.3 mg/kg once a day (up to 40 mg).
Maintenance dose of up to 2.7 mg/kg (up to 160 mg) every day, titrated in accordance with the patient's response
If the dose calculated is not in line with the strengths of the tablet or if children seem not to be able to swallow tablets, then the use of suspension (which can be made using tablets) is suggested. The dosage of valsartan could need to be increased when you replace the suspension with tablets.
No data are available for children who are undergoing dialysis or who have a glomerular filter rate lower than 30 milliliters per minute.

What Happens If I Miss a Dose?

You should take the medication as quickly as you are able, but do not take any missed doses if it's close to the time of the next dose. Don't take two doses at a time.

What Happens If I Overdose?

Get medical attention in an emergency or contact the poison help line at 1-800-222-1222.

The symptoms of an overdose could include a fluctuating rhythm of the heart as well as lower blood pressure (feeling like you could faint).

What Should be Avoided?

Don't supplement your potassium intake with potassium or salt substitutes unless your doctor has advised you to.

Be careful not to get up too fast from a lying or sitting position. You could get dizzy.

Interaction with Other Drugs

Discuss with your doctor all other medications, particularly:

  • Lithium;
  • Cyclosporine;
  • Ritonavir;
  • An antibiotic—rifamycin, rifabutin, rifampin, or rifapentine;
  • A diuretic "water pill" or other blood pressure or heart medication;
  • The NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) are aspirin, ibuprofen, aspirin (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), celecoxib, diclofenac, indomethacin, meloxicam, and many more.

This list isn't exhaustive, and a variety of other medications could influence the effects of valsartan. This includes prescription and over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, and herbal products. There are a variety of possible interactions between medications that are listed here.