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Generic name: Enoxaparin (eee-NOXa-PARrin)
Drug class: Heparins

What is Lovenox?

Lovenox is a blood thinner that prevents the formation of clots.Lovenox can be used to treat and prevent a blood clot known as deep venous thrombosis. This type of clot can cause blood clots to form in the lungs (pulmonary embolism). DVTs can happen after certain types of surgery or when a person is bedridden for a long time.Lovenox can also be used to treat blood vessel complications in people who have certain types of chest pain or heart attacks.


Lovenox should not be used if there is active bleeding or a low platelet count in your blood following a positive test for an antibody when using enoxaparin.Lovenox may cause a serious blood clot to form around the spinal cord, especially if a spinal tap is performed or you receive spinal anesthesia. This is more likely if there are genetic defects in your spine, you have had spinal surgery, you've received repeated spinal taps, or you use other blood thinners and NSAIDs. This type of blood clot can cause long-term paralysis or even permanent paralysis.If you experience symptoms such as lower back pain or numbness, muscle weakness, or bowel or bladder control loss, seek emergency medical attention.

Before you take this drug

Lovenox should not be used if:

  • Active or uncontrolled bleeding
  • If you have had a decrease in platelets after being tested positive for an antibody and using Lovenox during the last 100 days,

Lovenox can cause bleeding, especially in those with;

  • A bleeding disorder caused by a disease or inherited
  • Hemorrhagic Stroke
  • An infection of the heart lining (also known as bacterial endocarditis);
  • Stomach or intestinal bleeding;
  • Recent brain, spine, or eye surgery

Lovenox may cause a serious blood clot to form around your spinal cord if you have a spinal tap or receive an epidural (spinal anesthesia). This type of blood clot can cause permanent or long-term paralysis. You are more likely to experience this if:

  • You have suffered a spinal injury.
  • If you have recently removed a spinal cath or if there is a spinal tube in place,
  • You have had spinal surgery before, or you've had repeated spinal taps.
  • You have recently undergone a spinal tap, or epidural anesthesia.
  • You take an NSAID such as ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, or other nsaids such as indomethacin or meloxicam.
  • You are taking a blood thinner to treat or prevent blood clots (Warfarin or Coumadin).

Inform your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms:

  • A bleeding disorder, such as haemophilia.
  • Kidney or liver diseases
  • Uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • Diabetes can cause eye problems.
  • A stomach ulcer,
  • Low blood platelets after receiving heparin

Inform your doctor that you are pregnant. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant if you use Lovenox.Breast-feeding may not be possible while taking this medication. You should consult your doctor if you are concerned about any risks.

Similar/related drugs

Amlodipine, lisinopril, metoprolol, aspirin, carvedilol, elixirs, and clopidogrel

How to take Lovenox?

Lovenox should be taken every day until the bleeding condition improves. Please read the instructions on your prescription and any medication guides.Lovenox can be injected into the vein or infused under the skin. You may be taught how to use the medication properly by a healthcare provider.Please read and follow all instructions for use that come with your medication. Lovenox should not be used if you do not understand the instructions. Ask your pharmacist or physician if you have questions.Prepare your injection only when you are ready to administer the drug.. If the colour of your medicine has changed or if it has particles, do not use it. For new medicine, call your pharmacist.During the injection, you should either be seated or lying down. This medicine should not be injected into muscles.Your healthcare provider will tell you where to inject Lovenox. Each time you inject, use a new place. Don't inject in the same spot twice.Your doctor will want to know how long you should be treated with Lovenox.Tell your dentist or surgeon if you are planning to have surgery or dental work done and that you use this medication. It may be necessary to temporarily stop using this medicine.Store away from heat and moisture at room temperature.Each prefilled single-use syringe can only be used once. After one use, throw it out, even if the medicine is still inside.You must use Lovenox within 28 days of the first time you use it. After 28 days, throw away the vial.Only use a needle or syringe once, and then store them in a "sharps container" that is puncture-proof. Be sure to follow local or state laws on how to properly dispose of the container. Keep the container out of reach of pets and children.

What happens if I miss the dose?

If you are almost due for your next dose, skip the missed dosage. Never take two doses of the same medicine at once.

What happens if I overdose?

Call 1-800-222-1222 for poison help. An overdose may cause excessive bleeding.

What should be avoided?

Avoid any activities that could increase your risk of injury or bleeding. Avoid bleeding while shaving your face or cleaning your teeth.

Side effects of Lovenox

If you experience any of the following symptoms of an allergic reaction: itching, burning, or swollen skin; difficulty breathing; swelling of your lips, face, tongue, or throat; call 911 immediately.Seek emergency medical care if you experience any of the following symptoms: back pain, numbness, muscle weakness, or loss in bladder or bowel function.

If you experience:

  • Unusual bleeding or bleeding that won't stop
  • Easy bruising; purple or red spots on the skin
  • Nosebleeds, bleeding gums;
  • Blood in urine or stools; abnormal bleeding of the vaginal area;
  • Vomit or blood that looks like coffee grounds
  • Signs indicating bleeding in the brain: sudden weakness, especially on one side; sudden severe headache; problems with speech and vision.
  • Anaemia (low red blood cells): pale skin and unusual fatigue; light-headedness or feeling short-of-breath; cold hands, feet, or legs

Lovenox may cause side effects such as:

  • Nausea, diarrhea;
  • Anemia;
  • Confuse or confuse
  • Pain, bruising, or redness where the medicine has been injected.

There may be other side effects. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects, you can contact the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Interaction with other drug

Tell your doctor about any other medications you are taking, including those that treat or prevent blood clots.

  • Abciximab, anagrelide, cilostazol, clopidogrel, dipyridamole, eptifibatide, ticlopidine, and tirofiban;
  • Alteplase, reteplase, tenecteplase, urokinase;
  • Apixaban, argatroban, bivalirudin, dabigatran, desirudin, fondaparinux, lepirudin, rivaroxaban, tinzaparin;

This list is incomplete. This list is not complete. This list does not include all drug interactions.