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Name of the Generic: Ciprofloxacin (oral) (oral) SIP-roeFLOX a-sin [ SIP-roe-FLOX-a-sin
Names of Brands: Cipro, Proquin XR
Class of Drugs: Quinolones and fluoroquinolones

What is Ciprofloxacin?

Ciprofloxacin can be described as a fluoroquinolone (flor-o-KWIN-o-lone) antibiotic that is used to combat various kinds of bacteria-related infections. It can also treat patients with an infection such as anthrax or other types that are caused by plague. Ciprofloxacin extended-release can only be approved for use by adults.

Fluoroquinolone antibiotics may cause severe or even disabling side effects, which are not always reversible.Ciprofloxacin is only recommended for infections that can't be treated with a more effective antibiotic.


Ciprofloxacin may result in serious side effects such as tendon issues, nerve damage, serious changes in behavior or mood, or low blood sugar levels.

Stop taking ciprofloxacin and consult your physician immediately.If you suffer from headaches, irritation, burning pain or confusion, or disturbances or paranoia, difficulties in memory or concentration, suicidal thoughts, sudden a painful throbbing or a problem with movement in your joints.In rare instances, ciprofloxacin could harm your aorta, which could result in dangerous bleeding or even death. Get emergency medical assistance if you experience persistent and severe discomfort in your chest, stomach, or back.It is possible that you will not be able to use this medication if you have a muscle disorder. Consult your doctor if you are a victim or have a history of myasthenia Gravis.

Before you Take this Drug

It is not recommended to use ciprofloxacin. If you have an allergy to the drug,

  • You can also take tizanidine. You also take tizanidine.
  • You are allergic to fluoroquinolones other than levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, norfloxacin, and ofloxacin.

Ciprofloxacin can cause tearing or swelling in the tendon (the fiber that connects bones and muscles throughout your body), especially in the Achilles tendon that runs along the heel. It can be a result of treatment or months after quitting taking the drug ciprofloxacin. Tendon issues are more prevalent in children and older adults, as well as in those who take steroid medication or who have had an organ transplant.

To ensure that ciprofloxacin is safe for you, inform your doctor if you have ever experienced:

  • Pain or issues with your joints, bones, or tendons (especially for children);
  • Low blood sugar, diabetes;
  • Nerve disorders;
  • An aneurysm or blood circulation issues;
  • Heart conditions, heart disease, or heart attack;
  • Muscle weakness, myasthenia gravis;
  • Kidney or liver disease;
  • A seizure, head injury, or brain tumor;
  • Problems swallowing pills
  • Long QT syndrome (in either you or a member of your family)
  • Low levels of potassium present in the blood (hypokalemia).

Avoid giving this medication to children without medical guidance.It's not known whether the medicine will impact the infant. Consult your physician if you are expecting.It is not recommended to feed your baby while taking ciprofloxacin or for two days following your last dose. Consult your physician about breastfeeding if taking this medication for exposure to anthrax.

How to Take Ciprofloxacin?

Follow the exact dosage of ciprofloxacin as directed by your physician. Follow the directions on your prescription label and review all medication guides and instruction sheets.Consume ciprofloxacin at the same time each day, whether or not you eat.

Shake the oral suspension (liquid) for 15 seconds prior to determining the dose. Make use of the dosing syringe supplied or a dosage-measuring device (not an ordinary spoon). Don't give ciprofloxacin orally via an infusion tube.Take your tablets with extended release whole, and don't chew, crush, or break them.Drink plenty of fluids when you take this medication.

Utilize ciprofloxacin for the entire prescribed duration of time, regardless of whether your symptoms improve quickly. Dosing less frequently can increase the chances of developing an infection that cannot be treated with medication. Ciprofloxacin does not treat viral diseases such as the flu or commonly occurring colds.Don't share this medication with anyone else.Place the container in a cool, dry place free of heat and moisture. Do not let the medicine's liquid cool down. Discard any liquid that is not used within 14 days.

What Happens If I Miss a Dose?

If you're taking regularly distributed tablets or oral suspensions, take the medication immediately and do not miss any missed doses if the scheduled dose is due to be taken in less than six hours.

If you're taking extended-release tablets, take the medication as quickly as you can; however, do not miss any missed doses if the scheduled dose comes due within just less than eight hours.Do not take more than two doses at the same time.

What Happens If I Overdose?

For medical emergencies, seek emergency medical attention or contact the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What Should be Avoided?

Do not take ciprofloxacin in conjunction with dairy products such as yogurt, milk, or juices with calcium fortification. You can consume these items with your meals, but you should not make use of them by themselves when you take this medicine.Antibiotic medications can trigger diarrhea, and this could be an indication of a new infection. If you suffer from diarrhea that is bloody or watery, consult your physician prior to taking anti-diarrhea medication.

Ciprofloxacin may cause you to get sunburned more quickly. Avoid tanning beds or sunlight. Use protective attire and sunblock (SPF 30 or greater) whenever you're outside. Inform your physician. If you experience intense burning, redness, itching, rash, or swelling after a day in sunlight,Avoid driving or engaging in hazardous activities until you are aware of the effects of ciprofloxacin. Your reaction could be affected.

Side effects Of Ciprofloxacin

Contact emergency medical assistance. If you are experiencing symptoms that indicate you are experiencing an allergic reaction to the drug ciprofloxacin (hives, breathing problems, swelling in your throat or face) or an extreme skin reaction (fever, burning sensations around your eyes, skin irritation, red or purple itching that can cause peeling and blisters),

Ciprofloxacin may cause severe side effects, which include tendon-related problems and nerve damage (which could be permanent), serious behavioral or mood changes (after only one dose), or a drop in blood sugar (which can lead to death).

Take this medication and contact your doctor immediately if you are suffering from:

  • Low blood sugar: hunger, headache irritation, disorientation, nausea, fast heart rate, or feeling shaky;
  • Symptoms of nerve damage such as numbness, tingling, burning discomfort in your hands and legs, arms, or feet:
  • Serious change in behavior or mood that causes anxiety or agitation, confusion, hallucinations, paranoia, memory issues, difficulty concentrating, and thoughts of suicide
  • Indications of tendon rupture: sudden bleeding, swelling, pain tenderness, stiffness issues with movement, or a popping or popping sound from any joint (rest your joint till you are treated by a doctor or follow other instructions).

In rare instances, ciprofloxacin could cause damage to the aorta, which is the principal blood vessel in the body. This can result in dangerous bleeding or even death. Seek medical attention immediately when you experience persistent and severe discomfort in your chest, stomach, or back.

Stop using this medication and contact your physician immediately if you are suffering from:

  • Extreme stomach discomfort; vomiting that is bloody or watery;
  • Heartbeats that are fast or rapid; the chest is fluttering; breathlessness; and an abrupt dizziness (like you're about to pass out);
  • Any itchy skin rash, no matter how minor;
  • Muscles, breathing issues;
  • Very little or no urine;
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the eyes or skin)
  • Increased pressure in the skull Headaches that are severe and ring in the ears; nausea; dizziness; eye problems; headaches behind your eyes.

Common side effects of ciprofloxacin include:

  • Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach pain;
  • Headaches migraine
  • Unusual liver function tests.

This isn't a complete list of all the side effects. Other side effects could occur. Contact your doctor to seek medical advice on the effects. You can report any symptoms to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Interaction with Other Drugs

Certain medications can cause ciprofloxacin to be less effective if taken concurrently. If you are taking any of the following drugs, you should take your ciprofloxacin dose 2 hours prior to or six hours after you have taken the other medication.

  • The medicine for ulcers, sucralfate, or antacids containing magnesium, calcium, and aluminum (such as Maalox, Milk of Magnesia, Mylanta, Pepcid Complete, Rolaids, Tums, and many more);
  • Didanosine (Videx) tablet or powder that can be chewed;
  • Vitamin or mineral supplements that include calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc

Inform your doctor about any other medications you take, particularly:

  • Methotrexate, cyclosporine, clozapine, probenecid, phenytoin, sildenafil, ropinirole, and theophylline
  • A bleeding thinner (Warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven);
  • Heart medication, a diuretic, also known as a "water pill";
  • Oral diabetes medicine;
  • Products that are made up of the ingredient caffeine;
  • Medicines for treating depressive symptoms and mental illnesses
  • Steroid medicine (such as prednisone);
  • NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications) such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), celecoxib, diclofenac (also known as indomethacin), diclofe, and other NSAIDs;

This list isn't comprehensive. Other medications can be incompatible with ciprofloxacin, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal remedies. There are many possible interactions between drugs, which are included here.



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