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Name of the Generic: Azithromycin

Brand Name: Zithromax, Azithrocin, Azax, Zmax (among many others)

Dosage Format Azithromycin comes in many forms, such as capsules, tablets, oral suspension, and extended-release suspension.

Classification of Drugs: Azithromycin is part of the group of drugs known as macrolide antimicrobials. It acts by preventing the development of bacteria and stopping the growth of bacteria.

What is Azithromycin?

Azithromycin is an antibiotic that is employed to treat various bacteria-related diseases. It's effective against various bacteria, including those responsible for respiratory tract infections, skin inflammations, or ear infections. It also treats sexually transmitted infections. Azithromycin is usually prescribed because of its extensive range of action and its simple dosage method.


  • Allergies to Azithromycin are feasible. Get medical attention if you react to itching, rash or swelling, extreme anxiety, dizziness, or difficulty breathing.
  • Azithromycin is known to result in a rare but severe disorder called QT extension, which can cause irregular heartbeats. Consult your physician if you have any history of heart issues.
  • The long-term or incorrect usage of antibiotics, such as Azithromycin, may lead to the development of resistance to bacteria, which can reduce the efficacy of treatments.
  • Tell your doctor about any medical issues and medicines because they could interfere with Azithromycin.

Before Taking this Medication

Before starting Azithromycin, consult your physician whether you suffer from any allergies, liver or kidney health issues, heart diseases, or have a background or history of Long QT syndrome. Also, inform your doctor about all your medicines, vitamins, or herbal supplements.

How To Take Azithromycin?

Follow the directions of your doctor regarding taking Azithromycin. It is a drug that can be used either with or without food, although food may help reduce stomach discomfort. Continue the course until you begin feeling better.

Details on Dosage

The dosage of Azithromycin is determined by the kind of infection being treated and the patient's general health. For most illnesses, an average adult dose could be as high as 500 mg the first day and 250 mg each day over the following four days.

What Happens If I Miss a Dose?

If you've missed a dose, get the dose as soon as you can remember. If you're close to your next scheduled dose, avoid the dose you missed and proceed following your usual dosing regimen.

What Happens If I Overdose?

In case of an overdose, get medical help immediately. In the event of an overdose, symptoms could include extreme nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and temporary loss of hearing.

What to Avoid?

Avoid antacids containing magnesium or aluminum within two hours of taking Azithromycin because they could reduce efficiency. Additionally, it would help if you avoid exposure to the sun or tanning beds because Azithromycin increases sensitivity to sunlight.

Side Effects Of Azithromycin

Azithromycin, like any medication, can cause a range of side effects in some individuals. While many people tolerate it well, others may experience mild to more severe reactions. It's important to be aware of these potential side effects and to consult your healthcare provider if you have any concerns. Here's an overview of the possible side effects of Azithromycin:

Mild Effects:

Gastrointestinal Upset: Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Taking Azithromycin with food can help alleviate these symptoms.

Headache: Some individuals may experience mild headaches while taking the medication.

Dizziness or Lightheadedness: Feeling dizzy or lightheaded might occur, especially when getting up quickly from a sitting or lying position.

Changes in Taste or Smell: A temporary change in taste or smell perception can occur, which usually resolves after the medication is discontinued.

Mild Skin Rash: A mild rash might develop, often as an allergic reaction. Consult your doctor if the rash is bothersome or persistent.

Adverse Effects:

Severe Diarrhea: Although uncommon, azithromycin can lead to severe, persistent diarrhea, which might indicate a Clostridium difficile infection. This requires immediate medical attention.

Liver Issues: Rarely, Azithromycin can cause liver problems, leading to symptoms like yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), dark urine, and abdominal pain.

Allergic Reactions: Severe allergic reactions are rare but can include skin rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, and trouble breathing. Seek medical help immediately if these symptoms arise.

It's important to note that while mild side effects are generally tolerable and often resolve on their own, more severe reactions should be reported to your healthcare provider promptly. Additionally, not everyone will experience these side effects, and some individuals might experience none at all.

If you are concerned about potential side effects or if you experience any unusual symptoms while taking Azithromycin, don't hesitate to contact your doctor. Your healthcare provider can provide guidance, address your concerns, and, if necessary, adjust your treatment plan to ensure your safety and well-being.s.

Interactions with Other Drugs

Azithromycin can react with various medicines, including blood thinners, some antibiotics, anti-seizure medications, and medications that can affect the heart's rhythm (e.g., antiarrhythmics). Be sure to inform your doctor of any medications you take to avoid potentially dangerous interactions.