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Generic Name: Clindamycin (oral or injection) [klin-da-MYE-sin]
The Brand Names are: Cleocin HCl, Cleocin Pediatric, Cleocin Phosphate, Cleocin Phosphate ADD-Vantage, Clindesse, and ClindaMax Vaginal.
Drug Class: Lincomycin derivatives

What is Clindamycin?

Clindamycin can be described as an antibiotic that fights the presence of bacteria in the body.Clindamycin can be used to treat severe infections that are caused by bacteria.

Clindamycin is generally available in three different salts: clindamycin phosphate and clindamycin hydrochloride. There is also clindamycin and nicotinamide. All three salts are prodrugs of clindamycin, but once within the body and applied to the skin, they quickly transform into active clindamycin through hydrolysis. The three salt forms of clindamycin, such as clindamycin phosphate, clindamycin hydrochloride, and clindamycin-nicotinamide, all have the same antimicrobial properties and effectiveness.

Clindamycin salts containing phosphate are typically employed for intravenous, intramuscular, and topical formulations of clindamycin. Clindamycin chloride salts are generally employed for oral versions of clindamycin. Clindamycin nicotinamide is a different variant of clindamycin.Clindamycin is also used for reasons not mentioned in this guideline for medication.


Clindamycin can cause that that can be very severe or cause serious, life-threatening intestinal issues. If you experience watery, which is bloody or watery, discontinue taking this medication and consult your physician.

Before taking clindamycin, inform your physician if you suffer from liver disease, kidney disease, or an intestinal disorder like Crohn's or colitis disease, or have a history of eczema, asthma, or an allergic reaction to skin.

Use clindamycin for the prescribed time. The symptoms might improve before the infection is completely cleared. In addition, skipping doses could increase the risk of a subsequent illness that is resistant to antibiotics. Clindamycin does not treat viral infections such as the flu or the common cold.

Before you Take this Drug

It is not recommended to use this medicine if your body is allergic to lincomycin or clindamycin.

To ensure that clindamycin is suitable for you, ask your doctor if you have ever experienced:

  • Crohn's disease, colitis, or another intestinal disorder;
  • Eczema, or an allergic skin reaction
  • Liver disease;
  • Asthma or an extreme hypersensitivity to aspirin
  • An allergy to food coloring.

Animal studies haven't shown any adverse effects during pregnancy; however, in humans, it's not clear if clindamycin can cause harm to a baby who is not yet born. Inform your doctor if you are expecting or planning to become pregnant while receiving treatment.

Clindamycin can be found in breast milk and could cause adverse reactions in the nursing infant. If you're nursing while taking this medication, consult your physician if your baby is suffering from diaper eruption, white patches or redness around the throat or mouth, stomach pain, or diarrhea that is either watery or bloody. Tell your doctor that you breastfeed prior to taking clindamycin.Clindamycin injections could contain an ingredient that can cause serious adverse reactions or even death in very young or premature infants. Don't give the medication to your child without medical guidance.

How to Take Clindamycin?

Use clindamycin according to the prescription given by your physician. Follow the directions on the prescription label and review all medication guides or instruction sheets. Make sure you use the medication precisely as prescribed.

Clindamycin orally is a drug taken through the mouth. Clindamycin injections are administered into muscles or in the form of an injection into the vein. The healthcare provider will provide the first dose and guide you on how to make use of the drug on your own.You should take your capsule with a cup of liquid to prevent it from getting into your throat.

Measure the amount of liquid medicine with care. Make use of the dosing syringe supplied or a dose-measuring device (not an ordinary spoon).It is possible that you will require regular medical tests throughout your treatment.If you require surgery, inform your doctor that you take clindamycin because it can interact with other drugs that are used for anesthesia.

Take this medication for the entire prescribed duration, even if symptoms do not improve immediately. Inadequate doses could increase the risk of contracting an infection that is resistant to treatment. Clindamycin is not a treatment for a viral infection like the flu or common cold.

Maintain the temperature at room temperature and away from heat and moisture. Be sure to protect your injectable medication from excessive temperatures.

Do not keep the oral liquid in the fridge. Get rid of any oral liquid after two weeks.

What Happens if I Miss a Dose?

Take the missed dose when you remember. Avoid any missed doses if it's nearing the time for the next dose. Don't use any extra medication to make up for the missed dose.

What Happens If I Overdose?

Get medical attention in an emergency or contact the Poison Help line toll-free at 1-800-222-1222.

What Should be Avoided?

Do not use clindamycin with the antibiotic erythromycin.

Side effects Of Clindamycin

antibiotics, can be caused by a and this could be a sign of watery, new infection. If you experience clindamycin that is bloody or advised to do so then stop taking medication and consult your physician. Don't take anti-diarrhea medication unless you are advised by your physician to.

Contact a medical professional immediately. If you experience any symptoms that indicate that you are experiencing an allergic reaction to the clindamycin (hives, difficult breathing, swelling of your throat or face) or a severe skin reaction (fever or burning sensations in your eyes, pain in the skin that may be red or purple that causes blisters as well as peeling),

Consult a doctor for any signs of a serious reaction to medication, which can affect a variety of areas within your body. Signs could include the appearance of a rash on your skin or fever, swollen glands, flu-like signs, muscle pains, severe weakening, unusually bruising, or the appearance of yellowing on the eyes or skin. This can happen several weeks after starting to use clindamycin.

Clindamycin can cause diarrhea, which can be extremely extreme or result in serious, life-threatening intestinal conditions. If you experience diarrhea that is bloody or watery, discontinue clindamycin and contact your doctor.

Contact your doctor immediately. If you are suffering from:

  • Any changes in your bowel habits
  • Extreme stomach discomfort; diarrhea that is either bloody or watery;
  • Few or no urinations
  • A metallic taste is present inside your mouth (after the injection of clindamycin).

The most common clindamycin side effects are:

  • Nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain;
  • Minor skin rash;
  • Vaginal discharge or itching

This isn't a complete list of possible side effects, and other side effects could occur. Consult your physician to seek medical advice on the effects. You can report any symptoms to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Interaction with Other Drugs

Other drugs can be incompatible with clindamycin, such as prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Be sure to inform all your health professionals about any medication you take currently and all medicines that you decide to stop or begin taking.