Coronavirus: How it Spreads and How to Avoid Getting Infected?

COVID-19 or Coronvirus has caused an outbreak in the entire world. This virus has claimed more than 42,000 deaths, so far, all around the world even though the fatality rate is low. On 11 March 2020 World Health Organization declared COVID-19 as a pandemic and asked all the people to fight it together with them.

See Also: Coronavirus-6 Myths Busted with Facts

There are more than 8,50,000 confirmed cases across the world till date. This virus spreads a lot faster than it was expected to at first. This is the reason why we were told to practice social distancing. Though the fatality rate is low, the virus has been the reason for the death of thousands of people because of its ability to infect individuals so fast.

In China, from where this virus started spreading had so many cases that they had to convert some hotels into hospitals and had to build new ones as they needed rooms to keep infected people in the intensive care units as the further transmission of this disease was not at all an option.

These wards keep the patients completely isolated as no one other than the medical professional is allowed inside it. It has been said that people with lower immunity are more prone to get infected, this is the reason why older people or people with some kind of underlying medical condition. Diabetes, heart patient or people who have had any kind of organ transplant before are getting infected with the disease faster. They are under immunosuppressant medication, these people should take care of themselves.

Updates on Coronavirus

The country with one of the best healthcare systems, Italy, is under complete lockdown and is struggling to fight this disease. Day by day the virus is infecting a huge number of people around the globe

As the number of patients increased, the concerned officials of that particular country requested people to practice self-quarantine, if they have visited some other country.

Today 01 April 2020 the count remains at, 202 countries or territories affected, more than 8,50,000 confirmed cases and more than 42,000 deaths all across the world. And counties have implemented lockdown on the affected stated. People are only allowed to step out of their homes if they need to buy food or are working under essential services. People are asked to stay at home and are encouraged to work from home.

In India, till this date, there are more than 1600 active coronavirus cases and more than 40 deaths. India has taken measures to ensure that the spread of disease will be under control by:

  1. Telling citizens to wash their hands frequently by advertising it all over media and social networking sites.
  2. Encouraging people to stay at their home and avoid crowded places.
  3. Asking people to use sanitizer and facemask when required.
  4. Avoiding handshakes and using handkerchief while sneezing and coughing.
  5. Sanitizing the phone because it can carry the virus as it is transmitted through the surface too.

How Does This Virus Transmit?

It has been noticed that coronavirus transmits from one person to another pretty fast. There are multiple scenarios where a carrier member had infected the whole family

Coronavirus Spreads by

Human Contact

This virus spreads through human contact. It is said that two people should be 6 feet apart to avoid getting infected. This is the main reason why we were told to practice social distancing.

Touching a Surface

If a person touches a contaminated object then, touches his or her face, they are likely to get infected as well. On this John Hopkins, a research university has said that the virus can survive up to 72 hours on plastic, 48 hours on stainless steel, 24 hours on cardboard and 4 hours of copper. They added that it can be present in the air for up to 3 hours.

If someone who is suffering from this disease and has touched objects such as utensils, doorknob, mobile, remote, etc, then it is recommended to rub those objects with some sanitizer.

Aerosol

If an infected person coughs or sneezes without covering their mouths, they are likely to produce droplets carrying this virus. These droplets float around in the air before gravity pulls them down. These droplets can infect a person if he or she inhales it into their system or touches a surface where the droplets must have fallen and later touches their face, specifically eyes, nose or mouth.

How to avoid getting infected

  1. Take the matter seriously and avoid crowded places and stay at home. The government officials have already taken the initiative to implement this idea to the citizens by declaring Janta curfew on 22 March 2020 followed by the lockdown of many states and territories across the nation.
  2. Wear a mask when you go outside or if you are looking after someone who is infected. You may already know by now that coronavirus also does transmit through the air (Droplet Spread), so it is better to wear a mask if you ever have to go out. It is suggested to use masks wisely.
  3. Wash your hands frequently.

The structure of the virus includes many constituents including a thin outer layer of fat, which gets dissolved if rubbed with soap or detergent.

  • Use handkerchief or tissue while sneezing and coughing to avoid spreading the virus.
  • Stop touching your face especially, the nose, eyes and mouth.

Symptoms of COVID-19

  1. Dry cough, fever, fatigue
  2. Sore throat, nasal congestion
  3. Difficulty in breathing
  4. Body aches
  5. Diarrhea
  6. Headache

4 Stages of Coronavirus

Stage 1

This is the stage where only those people are affected who have been to coronavirus affected regions or territories. This stage is the initial stage. Our country took it necessary to measure such as screening at the airport and asking people to self-quarantine if they have a travel history.

Stage 2

Stage 2 starts when a person shows up positive for the coronavirus tests even though they have no travel history.  This happens when the person meets up or is a family member of someone who has been to some other country where the virus was dominant.

Stage 3

This is the stage where community transmission takes place. This stage is the most crucial stage as the overwhelming number of people start showing up at hospitals with COVID-19 symptoms. In this stage, the virus gets transmitted to people who have no travel history neither they have to meet with someone who is tested positive for the virus.

This happens when they come in contact with materials or surfaces which got contaminated or have been to public places where there are high chances of getting infected. The whole point of lockdown is to stop people from coming in contact with materials or public places that are contaminated.

Italy is going through this stage whereas India has just entered.

Stage 4

This is the last stage where more and more people become infected and the virus takes the form of an epidemic.

You can only keep yourself safe if you follow all the precautions and stay at your home. Eat healthy food and exercise daily to keep your immune system at check.

Stay healthy and safe.

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