Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects millions of people around the globe. Most people are familiar with the complications of diabetes, such as nerve damage and heart disease, but few know the effects diabetes can have on the tendons.
Tendons are fibrous, muscular tissues that connect muscle to bone. Tendons are important for movement and essential to maintaining joint stability. Diabetes can cause a condition called diabetic tendinopathy that can damage these structures.
Diabetic tendinopathy occurs when the tendons weaken, making them more vulnerable to injury. It can cause inflammation, pain, and, in some cases, rupture of the tendon. Although diabetic tendinopathy may affect any tendon in the body, it is most common in the tendons of the hands and feet.
Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, is one of the main causes of diabetic tendons. Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar levels can cause damage to the small blood vessel that supplies the tendons with oxygen and nutrients. This causes them to be weakened and more susceptible to injury.
Other factors that may contribute to diabetic tendons include:
Diabetes may damage nerves controlling muscles and tendons, causing weakness and instability.
Diabetes may cause a condition called frozen shoulder. This can lead to a reduced range of motion in the shoulder joint. Overuse can also damage the tendons.
Poor circulation diabetes
may lead to poor circulation, affecting the healing process.
Being overweight or obese increases the stress on the tendons and can cause damage over time.
As people age, their tendons become less elastic. They are more susceptible to injury. Diabetes accelerates this natural aging process.
Certain genetic factors can increase your risk of developing diabetes tendinopathy. However, the exact genes involved have not been fully understood.
Smoking may damage blood vessels, reduce circulation and increase the risk of tendon injury.
Certain medicines, such as corticosteroids, can weaken the tendons and increase injury risk.
Lack of physical activity, and exercise can cause muscles and tendons to weaken, increasing their vulnerability to injury.
of the tendons, such as a strain or sprain, can increase your risk of developing diabetic tendinopathy.
Treatment and prevention of diabetic tendinopathy usually involve lifestyle changes combined with medical interventions. For diabetic tendinopathy prevention and management, it is important to maintain tight control of blood sugar levels by maintaining a healthy diet.
In the most severe cases, physical therapy, pain management, and surgical intervention may be used to treat diabetic tendinopathy. Physical therapy can improve flexibility and strengthen the tendons. Pain management may include medication or injections that reduce inflammation and relieve pain.
Diabetic tendinopathy can cause damage to tendons and even rupture them. Although the cause of diabetic tendons is still unknown, high blood sugar and other diabetes-related factors are believed to play a role.
Significant role. Many people with diabetic tendons can regain mobility and function through proper treatment and management. This will reduce the impact on their quality of life.