Detoxification is a metabolic procedure that helps the body eliminate toxins by converting them into less toxic substances or substances more easily excretable. There are different types of detoxification, such as alcohol or drug detoxification. It is a process that our bodies and immune systems carry out naturally without the need for any extra drinks or supplements. This procedure is important to our health.
Environmental pollutants in air, water, and food can cause toxins to be produced by the body. Lifestyle choices, such as lack of physical activity and replacing food with fancy crash diets, can accumulate these harmful chemicals. They can affect the health of our bodies and hinder their functioning.
Enzymatic reactions are involved in metabolic detoxification. These enzymatic processes neutralize, solubilize, and help excrete these toxic chemicals from the body, mainly through urine, stool, or sweat. The detoxification pathway’s main purpose is to convert lipid-soluble harmful molecules into water-soluble molecules, which are then easily excreted from the body. Three sets of enzymes and proteins perform the phases of metabolic detoxification. These are called phase-1 enzymes, phase-2 enzymes, and phase-3 proteins. Nutritional support is important to protect the detoxification functions of organs.
- Liver: Removes and transforms toxic substances from the blood, which can be excreted through urine or stool.
- Kidneys provide a route to excrete toxins via the urine.
- Intestines: Promote regular bowel movements. Eliminate unhealthy microorganisms, including internal toxins. Provide a strong and intact barrier to prevent toxic materials from entering circulation.
Healthy eating and drinking plenty of water can aid in the removal of toxic substances from the body.
- Complex carbohydrates, including whole grains, pulses, and legumes
- Healthy fats and protein-rich foods
- Fiber-containing foods -vegetables, green leafy vegetables, fresh fruits, etc.
- Foods that improve/maintain the immune system.
- Add a pinch of fresh herbs to your cooking every day – turmeric, ginger, pepper, and so on.
- Limit your intake of nuts and oilseeds.
- Purified water is best. Stay hydrated.
- Avoiding excess spices, consuming outside foods regularly, and including probiotics will help you maintain a healthy gut.
- Avoid fried red meat and fried fish, and instead, eat lean meat and fish regularly (steamed/boiled).
- Avoid foods with high additives, sugar, and preservatives.
Detoxification must occur naturally in the body. No scientific studies have been conducted to determine the effectiveness of “detoxification” diets that are nutritionally balanced. A healthy diet can be incorporated into our daily routine to help the body perform this process naturally and effectively.